Dr. Krishna Prasada L, Dr. Suhas K


This study evaluated the salivary pH and incidence of dental caries and periodontal status in diabetes mellitus compared to normal subjects. Sample consisted of 40 patients divided into 2 groups, group I - 20 known diabetes mellitus patients (study group) and group II - 20 non diabetic subjects (control group). Salivary pH was determined using a saliva- check and dental caries and periodontal status by DMFT and PDI indices respectively. There was a decrease in the mean salivary pH of 6.51 in the study group. The mean DMFT index was higher in the study group (8.10) when compared to that of control group (1.15). The mean PDI score was also higher in the study group (4.0) as compared to that of the control group (0.45). Thus significant relationship was noted with increased incidence of dental caries and periodontitis and a significant reduction in the salivary pH in study group.


Diabetes Mellitus, Dental Caries, Salivary biomarkers

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