Dr. Akanksha, Rinku Garg, Abhishek Sinha


Introduction: Breathing is the most important function in the body but it is the most neglected one. Learning to control the breath allows to control
body function. “Pranayama” the breathing practice consisting of conscious inhalation, retention and exhalation is often practiced in conjunction
with “Dhyana”(Meditation), and “Asanas“(physical posture).
Material and Methods: Present study was a cross sectional study. Fifty (50) normal subject of either sex were selected for the study. They were
divided equally in two groups, yoga group A (case) and not practicing yoga group B (control), each comprising of 25 subjects. The blood pressure of
the subjects were examined to see the effect of forced nostril breathing on blood pressure by using mercury sphygmomanometer.
Statistical Analysis: Collected data was compared and analyzed by student paired 't' test.
Results: There was significant decrease in systolic blood pressure in yoga group A (case). There was no significant decrease of diastolic blood
pressure in yoga group A (Case).
Conclusion: The present study suggest that regular practice of yoga improves cardio-respiratory functions as shown by decrease in SBP and DBP.
The Present study revealed that Yoga reduced the sympathetic activity and increased the parasympathetic activity, leading to improvement in vagal
tone as shown by decrease in heart rate.


Pranayama, Blood Pressure, Dhyana, Asanas, Yoga, Anuloma-viloma, Young Adults.

Full Text:



Keuning J. On the Nasal Cycle. International journal,1968; 6:99-136

His Holiness Swami Rama. “What is Yoga” New Delhi : Newman S and Company,1976;


Gopal KS. Effect of Yogasana and Pranayamas on Blood Pressure, Pulse Rate and Some

Respiratory Function.Indian Journal. Physiol Pharmacol 1973; 73(3):273-276.

Manmohan,Thambore DP. Bharti B. Effect of Yoga Training on Reaction Time,

Respiratory Endurance and Muscle Strength. India Journal Physiol Pharmacol 1992;


Dostalek C. Yoga: A Returning of Medical Science. Yoga Mimamsa 1985; 24: 21-34.

Udapa KN, Singh RH, Settiwar RM, Stydies on the Effect of Some Yogic Breathing

Exercises (Pranayam) in Normal Persons. Indian Journal of Physiology and

Pharmacology 2003; 47:357-364

Guyton, AC, Textbook of Medical Physiology, 9th edition Philadelphia1996; W.B.

Saunders, p 161-169

Udapa K, Madanmohan, Bhavnani Ananda Balyogi, Vijaylakshmi P and Krishnamurthy

N; Effect of Pranayama Training on Cardiac Function in Normal Young Volunteers;

Indian Journal Physiol Pharmacol 2002; 47 (1); 27-33.

Dandekar PD, Impact of Short Term Training of Anulom Vilom Pranayam on Blood

Pressure and Pulse Rate in Healthy Volunteers; Int Journal. Res. Ayurveda Pharm 2013;


Indla D, Pandurang, Narhare. Effect of Yoga on Heart Rate and Blood Pressure and its

Clinical Significance. Int Journal Biol Med Res. 2011; 2(3): 750-753

Streeter CC, Gerbarg PL, Saper RB, Brown RP; Effect of Yoga on the Autonomic

Nervous System, Gamma Aminobutyric-acid, and Allostasis in Epilepsy, Depression,

and Post- traumatic Stress Disorder

Turankar AV, Jain S, Patel SV, Sinha SR, Joshi AD, Vallish BN, Mane PR and Turankar

SA;Effects of Slow Breathing Exercise on Cardiovascular Functions, Pulmonary

Functions and Galvanic Skin Resistance in Healthy Human Volunteers – A Pilot Study

Indian Journal Med Res 137, 2013; 2(3): 916-921.

Upadhyay KDD, Malhotra V, Sarkar D, Prajapati R; Effect of Alternate Nostril

Breathing Exercise on Cardio Respiratory Functions: Nepal Med. Coll. Journal 2008;

(1): 25-27

Ganong WF. Review of Medical Physiology, 22nd ed 2005,605

Sembulingam K, Sembulingam P; Essentials of medical physiology 6th edition p-603

Makwana K, Khirwadkar N, Gupta HC; Efeect of Short Term Yoga Practice on

Ventilatory Function Tests. Indian Journal. Physiol Pharmacol 1988; 32 (3): 202-208

Christine B, Pranayama and Art of Breathing.

Mamtha SD, Gorkal AR; Effect of Savitri Pranayama Practice on Peak Expiratory Flow

Rate, Maximum Voluntary Ventilation and Breathe Holding Time; IJRRMS 2012; 2 (1) .

Jerath R1, Edry JW, Barnes VA, Jerath V.Physiology of long pranayamic breathing:

neural respiratory elements may provide a mechanism that explains how slow deep

breathing shifts the autonomic nervous system. Med Hypotheses. 2006;67(3):566-71.

Epub 2006 Apr 18.

Ravinder J, Edry JW, Barns VA, Vandna J; Physiology of Long Pranayamic Breathing:

Neural Respiratory Elements may provide a Mechanism That Explains How Slow Deep

Breathing Shifts the Autonomic Nervous System. Medical Hypotheses 2006 Published

by Elsevier Ltd.


  • There are currently no refbacks.