Dr. Kamna Singh, Dr. Nidhi Gupta, Dr. Anuj Kapoor


Introduction: Anemia in pregnancy is one of the major risk factor. The prevalence of anemia in Indian females is approximately, 52%. It is associated with an increased risk of maternal deaths in case of severe anemia, low birth weight, premature delivery, risk of birth asphyxia and intrauterine fetal death. Thus anemia is considered as one of the most frequent complications of pregnancy and there is need of early detection.


Methods: Retrospective record based study conducted at Urban Health Training Centre Krishna Colony, Kathua, J&K. Data regarding pregnancy were collected from 1st  March 2018 to 1st March 2019 by referring the records maintained by the ANMs  at UHTC. Data was analysed using SPSS 20.


Results: A total of 196 pregnant women were registered at UHTC for ANC care during this one year period. Majority (50.5%) belonged to the age group of 21-25 years and 9 females were of the age group 15-20 years. Prevalence of anemia in the present study was found to be 73.4% among which 62 cases were mild form, 79 cases were moderate form and only 3 cases were of severe form with hemoglobin level below 7g/dl.


Conclusions: The prevalence of anemia in pregnancy at booking is still high. Preconception care, including iron and folic acid supplementation, is advocated to reduce this problem. Early antenatal registration and improved antenatal care are also necessary for early diagnosis and treatment of the condition. All this would ensure safe motherhood.



Anemia, pregnancy, World Health Organization (WHO)

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