Dr Soniya Gurjar, Dr Aashish Kumar Singh


Background- Obesity and periodontal disease are common chronic disease. This study attempts to study relationship between obesity oral bacteria and periodontal disease.

Method- Study included 350 subjects with age ranging 18-60 years. They were divided into 4 groups. Clinical parameters included Plaque Index, Gingival Index, Probing Pocket Depth and Clinical Attachment Loss. Anthropometric measurements like weight, height, waist circumferences and waist-hip ratio were evaluated.

Results- Comparing obesity and clinical periodontal parameters: Group-I (healthy) and Group-II (obese-I) were not statistically significant, whereas relationship between Group-1 (healthy) and Group-III (obese-II) as well as Group-1(healthy) and Group-IV (obese-III) were statistically significant .

Conclusion- Adipose tissue may serve as a reservoir for inflammatory cytokines, increasing body fat has likelihood, of stimulating active host inflammatory response in periodontal disease.


Obesity, periodontal disease, plaque index, gingival index, probing pocket depth, clinical attachment level.

Full Text:



Mohammad S Al-Zahrani, Nabil F Bissada and Elaine A Borawski Obesity and Periodontal Disease in Young, Middle-Aged, and Older Adults. Periodontol 2003;74:610-615.

Expert Panel. Executive summary of the clinical guidelines on the identification, evaluation, and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults. Arch Intern Med 1998;158:1855-67.

Trayhurn P & Beattie J H Physiological role of adipose tissue: white adipose issue as an endocrine and secretory organ. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 2001;60:329-339.

Trayhurn P, Wood I S. Adipokines: inflammation and the pleiotrophic role of white adipose tissue. Br. J. Nutr 2004:92:347-355.

Wood N, Johnson RB, and Streckfus CF. Comparison of body composition and periodontal disease using nutritional assessment techniques. Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. J Clin Periodontol 2003;30:321-327.

Beatriz de Brito Bezerra, Enilson Antônio Sallum, Antônio Wilson Sallum. Obesity and periodontal disease: why suggest such relationship? An over view Braz J Oral Sci. October-December 2007;Vol. 6; Number 23

Khader YS, Bawadi HA, Haroun TF, Alomari M, Tayyem RF. The association between periodontal disease and obesity among adults in Jordan. J Clin Periodontol 2009; 36:18–24.

Silness J, Loe H. Periodontal disease in pregnancy. II. Correlation between oral hygiene and periodontal condition. Acta Odontol Scand 1964;22:112-135.

Loe H. The gingival index, the plaque index and the retention index systems. J. Periodontol 1967; 38: 610.

Chapper A, Munch A, Schermann C, Piacentini C &Fasolo T. Obesity and periodontal disease in diabetic pregnant women. PesquisaOdontologicaBrasileira2005;19:83–87.

Saito T, Shimazaki Y, Kiyohara Y, Kato I, Kubo M, Iida M & Yamashita, Y. Relationship between obesity, glucose tolerance, & periodontal disease in Japanese women: the Hisayama study. Journal of Periodontal Research 2005;40:346–353.

Berg AH, Scherer PE. Adipose tissue, inflammation and cardiovascular disease. Circ Res. 2005; 96: 939-49.

Nishimura F, Murayama Y. Periodontal inflammation and insulin resistance-lessons from obesity. J Dent Res. 2001; 80:1690-1694.

Grossi SG. Ataque da placa dental: conexão entre doença periodontal, doençacardíaca e diabetes melito. Compend Cont Dent Educ. 2001; 22:15-24.

T Saito, Y Shimazakil T. Kogal, M Tsuzuki and A Ohshima Relationship between Upper Body Obesity and Periodontitis J Dent Res 2001;80: 1631-1636.


  • There are currently no refbacks.