Dr. Sanjay R. Talwelkar, Dr. Gauravi A. Dhruva, Dr. Sfoorti H. Goswami


Background&objectives: India has the second highest HIV population in the world with about 2.5-3.0 million cases.Out of this 1.27 cases have
been reported from Gujarat. Cases among general and blood donor population have also been reported mostly from north-western and southern
states of India. This single centre study was carried out to observe the HIV reactivity among blood donors from Rajkot.
Methods: A total of 20,395 donors were screened for the presence of HIV infection over the 1-year period. All tests were done using the fourth
generation MERELISA ELISA kit which detected the presence of HIV-1 & HIV-2 P24 antigen and anti-HIV antibodies.
Results: A total of 22 (0.12%) donors were found to be repeat reactive for HIV. Of these all were males. Out of this 5 (22.7%) were nonreactive on
rapid tests.
Interpretation&conclusions: The prevalence of HIV was 0.12% per cent among blood donors of PDU medical college, Rajkot.


HIV, donors, ELIS

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