Syed wakeel, Sabzar Abdullah, Zubair Janbaaz, Praveen lone, Mahbooba Khazir, Rashid Jamal Khan


Aims and objectives:

The aim is to evaluate the frequency of third molar impactions, their angulation, and percentage of agenesis in both mandible and maxilla. The pattern of third molar impactions shows variegation with respect to different population. Besides, impacted third molars engender potential pathologic complications. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence and pattern of third molar impactions in demographic confines of Jammu region of J & K state in India.

Materials and methods:

The sample consists of 310 orthopantomograms from patients who reported to the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery IGGDC Jammu from November 2017 to August 2018. Data regarding age, gender, prevalence and pattern of third molars were collected and analysed. The relationship between predictor and outcome variables is analyzed by using Z –Test with P< 0.05


Among 310 patients, 183 were male and 127 were female. The percentage of impactions was higher in case of females than males. Moreover, females had a marginally higher rate of agenesis than males. Mandibular impactions had a higher percentage than maxillary impactions. Mesioangular was the most prevalent angulation. Percentage of vertical impactions in maxilla exceeded that in mandible.


 The pattern of third molar impactions in Jammu region presented a higher percentage of impactions in females, with predominance in mandible and mesioangular being the commonest.



third molar, agenesis, impaction.

Full Text:



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