Dr. T. V. Surendranatha Reddy


As early as 1904, the Oxford Geographer Halford, Captain J. Machinder was arguing that developments in communication and transport and the vanishing of the frontier, dictated the necessity and advantage of viewing the world as a single, integrated system. As Stephen has written on Mackinder's thesis, the idea that the world was now "A single organism that will respond as a whole to power shifts anywhere on the globe" was controversial, but not a typical of "A number of observations made at that time". In the Arena of political economy, Karl Marx had already speculated tentatively has the implications of the extension of the world market, increasing development of productive forces and individuals, universalisation of the "Civilizing". Tendency and incipient crises are geographical saturation point was reached.

The elision of Marxism, Nationalism and imperialism are the views expressed by Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri in their book "Empire"(2008), falling on the heels of a decade of globalisation theory, defend a proposition that today seems, quite indefensible the age of imperialism, (they suggest; has ended and in place of imperialism we now have an age of empire.


communication, integrated system, observations, universalisation

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