Dr. Salisa Shafi


Dysmenorrhea one of the commonest disorder that affects the woman folk and affects the quality of life and sometimes
results in activity restriction. It is also found as the leading cause of periodic college / school absentinism of adolescent
girls. Almost 80% of women at sometimes in their lives suffer from the ailment or discomfort during menstruation . It refers to the pain associated
with menstruation . It has got two main types primary and secondary .Primary dysmenorrhea is used to describe normal period pain experienced
by many women during the time of their periods and there is no underlying pathology . Secondary dysmenorrhea is used to describe pain resulting
from an underlying gynaecologicalproblem . There are various measures mentioned inUnani literature which are useful in tackling this problem
like sitz bath, cupping , dietotherapy and also number of herbal drugs. The review highlightens concept of dysmenorrhea both Modern and Unani
and its related treatments therapies and drugs .


Gynaecology,period,menstruation,usr – tams - primary and secondary etc.

Full Text:



Period pain .medline plus, national library of med. March 1,2018. retrieved November 7, 2018.

Smith RP, cyclic pelvic pain and dysmenorrhea, Obs./Gyn. clin north Am. 1993:20:753-64.

Smith RP. Gynaecology in primary care. Baltimore: William and Wilkins , 1997:389-404.

Eskenazi B, WarnarM.L .epidemiology of endometriosis . obstetgynecolclin north Am. 1997: 24:235-258 ( pub med )

Diagonodis and initial management of dysmenorrhea American physician 89 (5):341-6 .pmid24695505.

American college of obstetrician and gynaecologists .jan (2005).pdf archieved on 27 jan 2015.retrieved 26 june 2015

“Menstruation and menstrual cycle fact sheet” office of women’s health . Dec.23,2014archieved from the original on 26th june 2015,retrieved 25th june2015.

Janssen EB , Rijker’s Ac, HoppenBrouwers K, Meuleman C, D’Hoogne TM(2013). Prevalance of endometriosis diagnosed by laproscopy in adolescents with dysmenorrhea or chronic pelvic pain ,” a systemic review” human reproduction update 19 (5)570-82.doi:10.1093/humupd/dmit 016 pmid 23727940

Hilario SG, Bozzini N, Bossari R, Baracat EC ( jan 2009 ) . action of aronatax inhibitor for treatment of uterine lyomyoma in perimenopausalpts, fertility and sterility . 91( 1 ): 240-3 doi : 10 – 1016 / J Fertnstart . 2007.11.006 pmid 18249392

Jeremy Twigg( 2002 ) current obstetric and gyneacology 12: 341 – 345.

Ismail jurjaniSS .zakhearakhawarazamshahivol 2 LucknowMatbaNavilKishorre NYM : 634,635

Ibnsina ( 1981 ) alqanoon fit tibvol 3 New Delhi institute of history of medicine and medical research 868, 869 , 877

Ajmal khan ( 1983 ) Hazique New Delhi Jaseen book depo : 461 – 471

QarsiAlaudddin .MoajazulQanoon. 1984 ( trans . by C . Kouser ), urduBewer New Delhi : 390 -392

Akbar Arzani ( 1903 ) tibbe Akbar Dewband Faisal publication : 590 -591

JurjaniI .zakheeraekhawarzamshahi (1878) ( urdu trans by Khan AH ) . matbanamimunshinawal Kishore Lucknow : 129 . 1393 – 1394, 1402-1407.

Khan ajmal( 1995 ) . BayazeAjmal New Delhi :Eijaz publishing house . 137 -138.

Dysmenorrhea and endometriosis in the adolescent ACOG . American college of obstetrician and gyneacologists . 20 Nov. 2018 retrieved 21 Nov. 2018.

Period pain .medlineplus .national library of medicine March 1,2018. Retrieved Nov. 7,2018.

Wong CL,Farquhar C, Roberts H, Proctor M ( Oct. 2009 ). “ oral contraceptive pill of primary dysmenorrhea”. The Cochrane data base of systematic reviews ( 4) : CD002120.doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD802120.pub3.PMID 19821293.

Sharma P, Malhotra C, TanejaDK,Saha R ( Feb. 2008 ) “ problems related to menstruation amongst adolescent girls.” Indian journal of pediatrics. 75(2):125-9.doi:10 1007/S12098-008-0018-5.PMID18334791

French L ( 2008 ). “ dysmenorrhea in adolescents diagnosis and treatment” pediatric drugs.10(1):1-7doi.10.2165/00148581-20810010-00001.PMID18162003

RaziAb.kitab al- hawifiltib. vol. ix New Delhi India : CCRUM : 2001( google scholar )

Ahmad J. TazkaraeJaleel. New Delhi, India ! CCRUM med: 2008

Tabari R, FirdauusAlhikmatfil- tib . Deoband India : Faisal publications:2002

Anonymous. KitabMoalijAmraziUmoonoderTibiUnani New Delhi India: CCRUM :2004

Spears LG . A narrative review of med, Cliropractic and alternative health practices in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea . JChiropr med. 2005:4:76-88( free article ) pub med.

Mirbagher N, Agha jani M. comparing the effect of pure and impure honey on severity of pain, amount of bleeding and duration and interval of menstrual cycle in females of primary dysmenorrhea . Lifcscig.2013:10 (6 suppl) : 835-841.

Bokaie M, Farjkhoda T, Enjazeb B, Khosh bin A, Mojgan KZ. oral Fennel ( Faeniculumvulgarae ) drop effect on primary dysmenorrhea , effectiveness of herbal drugs . Iram J Nurse midwifery Res. 2013: 18:128-123 ( PMC free article ).

ZamaniM ,Nasrollah SH, etal. the evaluation of fish oil ( omega -3 fatty acids ) efficacy in treatment of primary dysmenorrhea in high schools female students in Hamamadan . J Gorgan med. sci2005:7 (1): 39-42

Zzafari M, Tofighi M, Agha Mohammady A, Etal. compassion of the effect of acupressure,fish oil capsules and ibubrofen on treatment of primary dysmenorrhea. Afr J pharm pharmacol 2011:5:1115-1119

Durtch B, Jorgenson EB, Hansen JC. menstrual disorders in Danish women redused by dietry supplementary Omega – 3 PUFA and B12 (fish oil or seal oil capsules ) . Nutr res. 2000:20:621-631

Yaghmahi M, Morad:A,Hosseini R . comparison of effect of Mefanemic acid with fish oil in the reduction of pain in primary dysmenorrhea. J sci.2004:13(49):68-72

Khourshidi N, Ostad SN, Soodi M. clinical effects of fennel essential oil on primary dysmenorrhea. Iran J Pharm res.2010:2 :89-93

OmclvarS ,Esmailzadeh S , Baradaran M , Basiral Z. effect of fennel on pain intensity in dysmenorrhea : a placebo – controlled trial. Ayn.2012:33:311-313( PMC free article ) pub med.

Modares M, Mir Mohammad Ali M, Ashrich Z, etal. comparison of the effect Mefanemic acid and MatricariaChamomila capsules on primary dysmenorrhea ( BaboolUnani )med sci, 2011,13:50-58

FarellSA,editor, ed.pessaries in chemical practice London, England : Splingers 2006

Nezhat E, Nezhat F, NezhatC .endometriosis ancient disease ancient treatment.FertilSteril. 2012:98( 6suppl ):S1-S62 pub med.


  • There are currently no refbacks.