Dr Pragati Sharma, Dr S. S Raut, Dr R. K. Khadse


Background:Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) belongs to the Genus Lentiviruses and is made up of two main types HIV-1 and HIV-2. India is one of the few countries outside the African continent, in which a dual epidemic of HIV‑1 and HIV‑2 is occurring.

Methods: The present study was conducted at the ICTC of the microbiology department of Indira Gandhi  Govt. Medical College, a tertiary care hospital of Nagpur , to find the prevalence of HIV-2  among ICTC attendees from June 2015  to June 2019. Three test algorithm was used to diagnose HIV-1 and -2 infection.


Results: A total of  1484 confirmed HIV-infected individuals, were included in the analysis over a 4 year period (2015-2019) .Prevalence of HIV-2 in present study is 1.01%, with 0.67% were only HIV-2 , While 0.33% were co infected with HIV-1.Males of elderly age group were common. Most common OIs was tuberculosis( 26%) Out of 15 patients only two patients were in WHO clinical staging 4.


Conclusion: As such, seroprevalence of HIV-2 is very low but continued surveillance is needed for HIV-2 to understand the epidemiology and natural history of this complex human pathogen.


HIV-2 , Seroprevalence, HIV-1, Co infection

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