Dr C. Naresh, Dr P. Rama Rao, Dr S. Chandra Babu, Dr B. Prathap


Background: Myocardial Infarction is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in India. Atherosclerosis is by far the most common cause of Myocardial Infarction. Other modifiable risk factors include Diabetes mellitus, Smoking, Hypertension, Hyperlipidemia, Obesity, Stress and Depression. High Neck Circumference is a novel marker for Coronary Artery Disease. Neck Circumference can be used as a tool to screen the general population for the risk of Myocardial Infarction.

Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the relation between Neck Circumference and the risk of Myocardial Infarction.

Materials and Methods: This study comprised of 50 patients diagnosed with Acute Myocardial Infarction from May 2019 to December 2019 in the Department of General Medicine in Government medical College, Kadapa. Neck Circumference was measured and patients were evaluated for BMI and other Cardiovascular risk factors.

Results: Out of 50 patients,27 patients has abnormal NC, out of which 14 were male and 13 were female. Over all the mean NC was 36.18cm. Among the males the mean NC was 37.16 cm and in females it was 34.93 cm.

Conclusions: This study emphasizes that - Upper  body fat distribution has long been recognized as related to increased cardiovascular disease risk and Neck Circumference could be used as an index. Patients with abnormal Neck  Circumference should be screened for cardiovascular risk factors and followed up at regular intervals to detect abnormality at earliest for appropriate intervention.


Neck Circumference, Myocardial Infarction

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