Dr. Nitin Nangare, Dr. Vipin Tewani


Introduction: Surgical site infections(SSI) remain a signicant problem following an operation and the third most
frequently reported nosocomial infections.
Objective: The current study was undertaken to identify occurrence of SSI and risk factors associated with it, and the common organisms
isolated and its antibiotic sensitivity and resistance.
Material and Methods: The prospective study was carried out on 100 surgeries. Infected samples from patients were collected by following all
aseptic precautions and were processed without delay by the standard microbiological techniques.
Results and Conclusions: The overall infection rate was 14%. The SSI rate was 0% in clean surgeries, 6.0% in clean contaminated ones, 23.80%
in contaminated ones and 40% in dirty surgeries. Male patients are affected more(18.2%) than the female patients(5.9%).The SSI rate increased
with increasing age and it also increased signicantly with increasing duration of preoperative hospitalization. The SSI rate was signicantly
higher in emergency surgeries as compared to elective surgeries. The Infection rate was signicantly higher as the duration of surgery increased.
The most commonly isolated organism from surgical site infections was pseudomonas(42.85%),followed by klebsiella spp(28.5%) and other
bacteria. Most of the organisms which were isolated were multidrug resistant. The high rate of resistance to many antibiotics underscored the
need for a policy that could promote a more rational use of antibiotics.


Abdominal surgical site infections, surgical site infections, pseudomonas, risk factors for SSI.

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