Dr Muralidhara Yadiyal, Dr Taha Parweiz, Dr Christopher Pais, Dr Mayoor Prabhu


Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte abnormality in
hospitalized patients and is frequently encountered in the
intensive care setting. Treatment varies signicantly
according to the timing of onset and etiology of the disorder.
Inadequate or improper treatment may lead to brain edema or
demyelination with life-threatening consequences.
Hyponatremia, or low blood sodium, is frequently dened as
serum sodium concentration < 135 mEq/L, and it represents a
1, 2 relative excess of total body water to sodium.

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