Dr. Najmus Saher, Dr. Maqbool Ahmad Khan


Dysmenorrhea is very common gynecological problem in women of reproductive age worldwide. It begins with the first ovulatory cycle and occurs about two years after menarche. Although it is not life threatening, it can be painful for many adolescents .It is one of the leading cause of recurrent short term absentee in school and work place. Objective of the present study is to assess the menstrual pattern and its common associated symptoms, at Central Research Institute of Unani Medicine Lucknow. An institute based cross-section was done during the April 2018 to November 2018 on 233 participants come to the Institute for their treatment of dysmenorrhea and their associate symptoms. Data were recorded on standardized pre design questionnaire for the study. At the end of the study it is found that the low back pain is the most common (95.27%) complaints before and during the menstrual cycle, and after that leg cramp (91.84%) , lower abdominal pain (83.69%) , nausea (62.23%) , headache (57.08%) , generalized weakness (51.07%) , poly urea (46.35%) , fever (49.78%) and anorexia (49.78%). The result of the study revealed that highest common symptoms are low back pain.

Full Text:



Dawood .M.Y.1987: Dysmenorrhea and Prostaglandins in: Gold, J.J .Josimovich (eds) Gynecologic Endocrinology. 4th Ed New York: Plenum Press 405

Montoya.J.S .Cabezza,A.H.Rojas O.M Navarreteand R.C and Keeve M .A.V Menstrual Disorder in Adolescents .Bol Med Hosp Infant Mex. 2012.69 (1) 60-72

Tan .K and Wan.L . A Prevalence Study of Dysmenorrhea in Female Resident Age 115-54 Y Clement . Ann Aced Med .1992 .21;323-327

Ibn Sina,2007 :Al Qanoon Fil Tib (Urdu translation by Kantoori G.H ), Vol 2 ,Idara Kitabul Shifa ,New Delhi 340-341 .

Wilson, C. Emmand .J .and Manfield.C .The Relationship of Calculated Percent Body Fat ,Sports Participation ,Age and Place of Residence on Menstrual Patterns , Adolesc Health CARE . 1985 J. 5;248-253 .

Dawood .M .Y, Ibuprofen and Dysmenorrhea, Am .J .Med 1984 .77 (1A )87-94

Ibn Sina, 2010 ,Al Qanoon Fil Tibb (Urdu translation by Kantoori G.H) New Delhi ,Ejaz Publication House, 447-448 ,1096,1118

Nastaran Najafi , Hamidreza Khalkhali , and Rasoul Zarrin , Major dietary patterns in relation to menstruation pain : a nested case control study BMC Women’s Health (2018) 18:69 http: //


  • There are currently no refbacks.