Mrs. R. Praveena, Dr. Mrs. Karaline Karunagari


Background: Increased prevalence of diabetes in India is due genetic susceptibility, dietary shift and
rapid lifestyle changes. Self care practices in terms of diet, physical activity and medication adherence
reduce the risk of complications related to diabetes.
Objective: The objective of this study is to assess the self care practice on diet and physical activity among Type 2 diabetic
patients residing in selected rural area at Chidambaram taluk in Cuddalore District.
Materials and Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted using structured interview guide among 90 subjects with
Type 2 diabetes residing at selected rural area. Baseline characteristics of the study participants were elucidated and their
practice regarding the diet and physical activity were assessed. In this study International physical activity questionnaire -short
form (Version 2.0.april 2004) was used to assess the physical activity of the subjects with diabetes.
Results: The mean age of the study population was found between 55-65years. The study results reveal that 55(61.11%) of
subjects had inadequate dietary practices. Whereas 35(38.89%) respondents with diabetes had moderately adequate practice
and none of them had adequate dietary practices. Only about 5(11.36 %) among males and 2(4.34%) among females are
physically active and exercise apart from their normal work duties.
Conclusion: During the past few years, there have been signicant advances in medications, insulin delivery and glucose
monitoring technologies. Despite the advances, individuals with diabetes in rural areas have limited access health-care
resources and education on importance of physical activity and adherence to dietary regimen. This highlight the need to
address structural inequities and empower individuals to pursue health and well-being on their own.


Self care practice, Physical Activity , Dietary practice

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